Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver and is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Some cases can be acute and resolve without treatment but unlike hepatitis A, hepatitis B can be chronic. In some cases, it can even lead to life-threatening health issues such as liver cancer or cirrhosis.
The best way to resolve the infection is to first recognize the symptoms and then get a proper diagnosis. The hepatitis B vaccine is also the best way to stay protected. In an effort to better understand this infection, here is everything you need to know about hepatitis B, including the common symptoms and causes, diagnosis steps, and treatment options.
What Is Hepatitis B
Healthline explains, “Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).” HBV is only one of the forms of viral hepatitis. In total there are five, including hepatitis A, C, D, and E, with B and C being the most likely to become chronic.
In fact, the Hepatitis B Foundation says 2.4 million people in the U.S are living with chronic hepatitis B. Unfortunately, only 25-percent of infected individuals are diagnosed. It also causes thousands of fatalities each year.